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Copyright © OIE 2011
World Organisation
for Animal Health
Editorial Director: Dr Y. Samake



The 79th General Session: The OIE 5th Strategic Plan in Africa is endorsed

The just concluded 79th General Session of the OIE took place in the context of the 250th anniversary of the creation of the first veterinary school and the veterinary profession. The OIE Members of Africa Region once again presented their positions with “one voice” on a variety of issues of interest to Africa. H.E. The President of Paraguay, Mr Fernando Armindo Lugo Méndez was the guest of honour in the opening ceremony. The African guests of honour were Mr Mamadou Korka Diallo (Minister of Livestock of Guinea), Mr Ramootsi Lehata (Vice Minister of Agriculture and Food Security of Lesotho), Mr Barry E. Rafatrolaza, (Minister of Livestock of Madagascar), Mr Mahamane E. Ousmane (Minister of Livestock of Niger), Mr Benedict Ole Nangoro (Deputy Minister of Livestock and Fisheries Development of Tanzania) and Mr Mamadou Kané (Secretary General of the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries of Mali).

Dr Carlos Correa Messuti, President of the OIE World Assembly of Delegates (background) and Dr. Karim Ben Jebera, Head of the OIE Animal Health Information Department (front). Picture © D. Mordzinski (oie) 2011

Dr Stuart K. Hargreaves, OIE Delegate frrom Zimbabwe and Member of the OIE Code Commission, recipient of the 2011 OIE Meritorious Service Award (archive picture).
Picture © Botswana DVS (2008)

Dr Stuart K. Hargreaves of Zimbabwe received (in absentia) a Meritorious Service Award for his outstanding service to veterinary science and to the OIE.

During the OIE Regional Commission for Africa meeting, on May 23rd, Mr Habib Ben Yahia, the Secretary General of the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU) addressed the commission. Dr Yacouba Samaké presented activities for the region and progress of the regional vision and activities regarding the 5th Strategic Plan in Africa and the Southern Africa Regional Animal Welfare Strategy initiative. Dr Berhe Gebreegziabher tendered his resignation as President and was commended for his sterling work. The new Bureau of the Regional Commission is as follows after elections were held:

• President: Dr Mahamadou Saley (Niger)
• Vice President: Dr Mohammed Abdel Razig Abdel Aziz (Sudan)
• Vice President: Dr Marosi Molomo (Lesotho)
• Secretary General: Dr Adam Hassan Yacoub (Chad)

The mandate however will be for another year.

Dr Yacouba Samaké on behalf of the OIE Director General, received an honorary certificate of registration from the Ghana Veterinary Statutory Body.

The Delegation from the Gambia (centre) receiving the certificate acknowledging that Gambia is officially free from rinderpest, from the OIE Director General (left) and the OIE President (right).
Picture © D. Mordzinski (oie) 2011

During the sessions of the World Assembly of Delegates, the following changes to the Aquatic Code were discussed and approved.  The definition of “feed” in the glossary was retained. The new proposal for the modification of the definition of feed to clarify that it included living organisms such as Artemia in aquatic animal feed was not adopted. Reasons included inconsistency with TAHC and CAC definitions. Chapter 1.2 (Criteria for listing diseases) was adopted but with “negatively affect” defined for wild aquatic animals.  Gyrodactylosis was changed to “Infection with Gyrodactylus salaris” for consistency. 

As for the Aquatic Manual, the scope of Chapter 2.1.2. was amended to cover the major families of Anura and Caudata.

Certificates of official recognition of country freedom from rinderpest were awarded to Sierra Leone, Liberia (non OIE Member), Gambia, Sao Tomé and Principe and Comoros. It was during the same session that the report of the “Joint OIE/FAO Committee on Global Rinderpest Eradication” was presented by William Taylor which showed that the virus had ceased to circulate in animals. This was followed by the memorable Declaration of Global Eradication of Rinderpest.

The lessons learnt from rinderpest eradication were used to develop a strategy “towards global control and eradication of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD)”.  The joint FAO/OIE Progressive Control Pathway tool for FMD was recommended to be used to monitor and assess the achievements of this global strategy and managed using the GF-TADs platform.

The costs to be covered by Members applying for the official recognition or reinstatement of a disease status (BSE, FMD, and CBPP) were discussed and the revisions adopted.  A special case was made for the least developed countries.

Future activities of the Scientific Commission on Animal Diseases (SCAD) include convening an Ad hoc group to work on Rift Valley Fever, to request the Director-General to convene a working group on natural disasters and continued work on diseases of honeybees. The said Commission received a lot of comments on rabies from Members and these will be circulated for adoption in May 2012.  The Peste des Petits Ruminants chapter is under review and the ad hoc group will meet in June especially with regards to the spread in Eastern Africa and the similarities with the global eradication of rinderpest.

The following changes to the Terrestrial Code were discussed and approved.  The glossary was amended by defining :  “Wildlife” means feral animals, captive wild animals and wild animals.
The following diseases have been delisted: avian tuberculosis, duck viral enteritis, fowl cholera, Marek disease (poultry) and teschovirus encephalomyelitis (swine). No new diseases will be listed until a text is proposed for the objectives of listing animal diseases.

Regarding compartmentalization (Chapter 5.3.7.) a new paragraph was added for the requirement of the veterinary authorities of the exporting country to promptly inform the importing countries of occurrence of disease for which the compartment was defined.

Article 4.7 on embryos of livestock and horses was withdrawn because it contained diseases e.g. equine coital exanthema (EHV-3) which are not OIE listed diseases.

The animal welfare chapters were refined, e.g. by making it explicitly clear that the waiting time for slaughter animals in lairages should be minimized and not exceed 12 hours. Regarding the use of experimental animals the number proposed to be used/reused was also refined to avoid ambiguity.

The proposed new chapter under animal welfare on broiler chicken production systems (chapter 7.X) was withdrawn following extensive deliberations. The members were asked to submit guidance to the Code Commission to facilitate the provision of acceptable responses to the concerns raised.

On disease specific chapters,

  • Bluetongue: To note was the change from reference to animals “protected from attack from Culicoides” to animals “kept in a vector-protected establishment” to be consistent with AHS chapter and scientific evidence that all Culicoides were competent vectors was not available.
  • FMD: The concept of an OIE endorsed official control programme for FMD was adopted and the text chapter 8.5.47 bis was placed as a new article with the articles on FMD surveillance. The modifications to chapter 1.6 were also adopted to include self-declaration and official recognition procedures for the FMD control programme.
  • Rinderpest: Since the disease has been eradicated globally it is no longer required to annually re-confirm country freedom status and for importing countries to request for freedom from the disease.  Therefore article 8.12.2 was modified. A proposal was adopted to prepare new text on rinderpest and once the text was adopted, the current rinderpest chapter will be suspended in the TAHC.
  • New castle Disease:  the article 10.13.21 on procedures for virus inactivation was revised and is now similar to those of avian influenza.
  • CBPP: The Yak (Bos grunniens) has been added to the list of susceptible animals.
  • LSD: The proposal to include an article on safe commodities (meat and meat products, milk and milk products) in this chapter was withdrawn and is under review.
  • CSF: Amendments were made to text with reference to wild pigs taking into consideration the new definition of wildlife. Another area with thorough amendments was in surveillance for CSF. Procedures for the inactivation of CSF virus in casings of pigs were also adopted.

A new OIE Collaborating Centre for Epidemiology and Diagnosis of Emerging, Re-emerging and Transboundary Diseases of Animals in the Caribbean and in Central America (Cuba) was recognized, emphasizing its important experience in the area of biological disaster management. The Centre will be asked to add this subject matter as a collaborative activity for the OIE with the hope of a proposed new title submitted along with a revised application in 2012.

The Premi® Test Salmonella diagnostic kit manufactured by DSM Premitest was certified and registered by the OIE as fit for purpose for rapid confirmation and serotyping of 22 serotypes of Salmonella spp.


Dr Marosi Molomo (left), OIE Delegate from Lesotho and Dr Berhe Gebreegziabher, OIE Delegate from Ethiopia, respectively Secretary General and President of the OI E Regional Commission for Africa.

Dr. Abdourahim Faharoudine (centre), OIE Delegate from Comoros receiving the certificate acknowledging that his country is officially free from rinderpest, thus paving the way for the global declaration of rinderpest eradication.

Official signing of the cooperation agreement between the Union of the Arab Maghreb (UMA) and OIE. The Delegation of the OIE was led by the Director-General, Dr. Bernard Vallat, who was accompanied by the Deputy Director-General, Dr Monique Eloit (on the left), the Representative of the OIE Council (Dr. Rachid Bouguedour, OIE Delegate for Algeria, on the right), the OIE Regional Representative for Africa, Dr. Yacouba Samaké and the OIE Sub-Regional Representative for North Africa, Dr. Faouzi Kechrid.

The OIE Director-General, Dr. Bernard Vallat welcomes the Minister of Livestock of Niger, the Hon. Mr. Mahamane E. Ousmane (centre), accompanied by the OIE Delegate for Niger and President of the OIE Regional Commission for Africa, of the Communication officer of the Minister and the Director of finances of the Ministry of Livestock of Niger. The OIE Regional Representative for Africa, Dr. Yacouba Samaké (on the right) witnessed the ceremony.


Opening address by the Minister of Livestock of the Republic of Guinea, the Hon. Mr. Mamadou Korka Diallo.

Opening address by the President of the Republic of Paraguay, H.E. Fernando Armindo Lugo Mendez.

Opening address by the Deputy-Minister of Livestock Development and Fisheries of the United Republic of Tanzania, the Hon. Mr. Benedict Ole Nangaro

Laureates of the photo competition Vets in your Daily Life. Standing left is Bojia Endebu Duguma, laureate of the OIE SPECIAL PRIZE with a picture on awareness-raising with regard to animal welfare of donkeys in Ethiopia.

African OIE Delegates during the reception hosted by the Embassy of South Korea in Paris.

Jennifer Lasley (left) and Kate Glynn (right) coordinating the EPT IDENTIFY programme at the OIE head office in Paris.

From left to right : Neo Mapitse and Bonaventure Mtei (OIE Sub-Regional Representation for Southern Africa, Gaborone), Christina Chisembele (chief epidemiologist, NALEIC – Zambia, Lusaka), Susanne Münstermann (OIE Scientific and Technical Department, Paris) and Joseph Mubanga (OIE Delegate for Zambia, Lusaka)

pictures (c) D. Mordzinski (oie) 2011 & Mapitse (oie) 2011
unless mentioned otherwise.


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