COVID-19

List of African countries where Veterinary Services remain operational as "essential services"

18 March 2020

OIE - WVA

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Veterinary Services are Essential Public Health Services

On the 18 March 2020, the OIE and the World Veterinary Association (WVA) published a joint communique drawing attention to the roles and responsibilities of the veterinary profession for public health. In the midst of the COVID-19 crisis, it highlights the specific veterinary activities which are key to ensure a continuum in food safety, disease prevention and emergency management. Indeed,  to effectively tackle the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, many governments around the world have taken restrictive measures to close non-essential businesses. These decisions raise questions regarding potential adaptations that need to be implemented by the veterinary profession.

Maintaining the activities that are crucial to public health

Veterinarians are an integral part of the global health community. Beyond the activities linked to the health and welfare of animals, they have a key role in disease prevention and management, including those transmissible to humans, and to ensure food safety for the populations.

In the current situation, it is crucial that, amongst their numerous activities, they can sustain those necessary to ensure that:

  • national and regional veterinary regulatory and inspection services can oversee the integrity of public health
  • only healthy animals and their by-products enter the food supply to guarantee food safety for the populations,
  • emergency situations can be addressed,
  • preventative measures, such as vaccination against diseases with a significant public health or economic impact, are maintained.
  • priority research activities continue.

According to the latest information, collected by our regional representations, these are the countries where the OIE – WVA call has been heeded and where part or all of the Veterinary Services have been labelled “essential” and are therefore exempted from overall lockdown measures targeting non-essential goods and services.

 

This page is continuously being updated. Last updated on : 27 May 2020. Please send any updates to Dr. P. Bastiaensen   Submitted information will be validated with the OIE Delegate before publishing.

Country

Closure of non-essential services and businesses ordered

 

Date of enforcement

 

Public vet. services declared “essential”

 

Private vet. services declared “essential”

 

Private vet. pharmacies declared “essential”

 

(lockdown) (including laboratories and food/meat inspection services) (including veterinary practices, biological and carcass waste disposal services, suppliers of drugs and veterinary inputs)

 

(including wholesalers, veterinary inputs and drugs retailers, suppliers and courriers)
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  • Algeria
Yes 23 March Yes Yes Yes
  • Angola
No information
  • Benin
No information
  • Botswana
Yes 2 April Yes Yes Yes
  • Burkina Faso
No information
  • Burundi
No
  • Cabo Verde
Yes 29 March Yes Yes Yes
  • Cameroon
No information
  • Central African Rep. (CAR)
No information
  • Chad
Yes 23 March Yes Yes Yes
  • Comoros
No information
  • Congo (Dem. Rep. of)
Yes (urban containment) No inside the containment zone (Kinshasa) No No
  • Congo (Republic of)
Yes 30 March Yes Yes Yes
  • Côte d’Ivoire
No information
  • Djibouti
No information
  • Egypt
Yes (curfew)
  • Equatorial Guinea
No information
  • Eritrea
Yes (self-declared free on May 15) 20 March Yes Yes (all public)
  • eSwatini (Swaziland)
No information
  • Ethiopia
No
  • Gabon
Yes 11 April Yes Yes Yes
  • Gambia
No information
  • Ghana
No information
  • Guinea
No information
  • Guinea – Bissau
No information
  • Kenya
Yes (curfew and urban containment) 27 March Yes Yes (curfew) Yes (curfew)
  • Lesotho
Yes 30 March – 5 May Yes Yes Yes
  • Liberia
No information
  • Libya
No information
  • Madagascar
Yes 21 March Yes Yes Yes
  • Malawi
No information
  • Mali
No information
  • Mauritania
No
  • Mauritius
Yes 30 March Yes Yes (emergencies)
  • Morocco
Yes 20 March Yes Yes Yes
  • Mozambique
Yes 1 April Yes Yes Yes
  • Namibia
Yes 28 March Yes Yes Yes
  • Niger
No information
  • Nigeria
Yes (curfew in all but two States) 30 March Yes Yes Yes
  • Rwanda
Yes 21 March Yes Yes Yes
  • Sao Tomé and Principe
Yes 6 May Yes Yes Yes
  • Senegal
No information
  • Seychelles
Yes (self-declared free on May 19) 14 March Yes Yes Yes
  • Sierra Leone
No information
  • Somalia
No
  • South Africa
Yes 26 March Yes Yes (emergencies) Yes
  • South Sudan
Yes 23 March Yes Yes Yes
  • Sudan
No information
  • Tanzania
No
  • Togo
No
  • Tunisia
Yes (curfew) 22 March Yes Yes n/a
  • Uganda
Yes 30 March Yes Yes Yes
  • Zambia
No information
  • Zimbabwe
Yes 30 March Yes Yes Yes

More information

OIE - WVA

Joint communique

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