V.S.

Promotion of veterinary services : Improving the legal framework and resources of national Veterinary Services

The Veterinary Services of developing and transition countries are in urgent need of support to provide them with the necessary infrastructure, resources and capacities that will enable their countries to benefit more fully from the WTO Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement (SPS Agreement) while at the same time providing greater protection for animal health and public health and reducing the threat for other countries which are free of diseases.

The OIE considers the Veterinary Services as a Global Public Good and their bringing into line with international standards (structure, organisation, resources, capacities, role of paraprofessionals) as a public investment priority 

Update on the evaluations of veterinary services in Africa (PVS methodology) 

The PVS tool, which stands for Performance of Veterinary Services tool, is designed to assist veterinary services, and in particular veterinary administrations, to establish their current level of performance, to identify gaps and weaknesses regarding their ability to comply with OIE international standards, to form a shared vision with stakeholders (including the private sector) and to establish priorities and carry out strategic initiatives.

More information on the PVS tool may be found here 

Since 2006, more than 120 countries have been assessed through the PVS methodology, out of which more than 50 in Africa.  More statistics here

Update on the WHO joint external evaluations (JEE) of implementation of the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) in Africa

The Joint External Evaluation (JEE) is a voluntary, collaborative process to assess a country’s capacity under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) to prevent, detect, and rapidly respond to public health threats whether occurring naturally or due to deliberate or accidental events.

The JEE allows countries to identify the most urgent needs within their health security system; to prioritize opportunities for enhanced preparedness, response and action; and to engage with current and prospective donors and partners to target resources effectively.

More information on the JEE tool may be found here 

Since 2016, more than 100 countries have been assessed through the JEE Tool methodology, out of which more than 40 in Africa  More statistics here

Based on the PVS and JEE, the OIE and WHO have set up IHR/PVS National Bridging Workshops (NBWs) to enable the member countries to improve intersectoral collaboration. The NBW workshops, with equal participation by the human health and animal health sectors, enable countries to explore in depth overlapping areas between the IHR framework and the PVS Pathway, and develop, where relevant, appropriate bridges to facilitate coordination between sectors, to jointly address major health security risks, many of which are zoonotic.

 

OIE guidelines and recommendations

 

Veterinary Services : a Global Public Good

The OIE and its Member Countries believe that the concept of veterinarians as professionals who are only concerned with animal diseases should be broadened to include areas of activity that focus on public health outcomes, the control of risks along the food chain, as well as the welfare of animals. 

The OIE considers Veterinary Services to be a Global Public Good and their bringing into line with international standards (in terms of legislation, structure, organisation, resources, capacities, the role of the private sector and paraprofessionals) as a public investment priority.

The official agreement signed by the OIE and the World Bank in 2001 supports this view. Sanitary standards related to animal health (including zoonoses) and animal welfare should be developed and steps must be taken to improve the capacity of official Veterinary Services to rapidly detect, diagnose and control animal diseases. 

Furthermore, to be able to support access of animals and their products to national, regional and international markets, Veterinary Services, especially in developing and in transition countries, need to improve their ability to collect and rapidly disseminate national data on animal diseases.

The OIE PVS Pathway cycle :  http://www.oie.int/en/solidarity/pvs-pathway/ 

Diptank attendant in Swaziland (PVS Evaluation). Picture © P. Bastiaensen (oie) 2015
Inspection floor of a slaughter facility in South Africa (PVS Evaluation). Picture © E. Leon (oie) 2012
Participants in a national bridging workshop in Niger : session on mapping strengths and weaknesses of collaboration using the IHR-2005 – OIE PVS matrix. Picture © B.Lafia (oie) 2018
Meeting with industry stakeholders in Liberia (PVS Gap Analysis). Picture © P. Bastiaensen (oie) 2016
Dairy smallholder in Uganda (PVS Evaluation). Picture © P. Bastiaensen (oie) 2018
Picture © P. Bastiaensen (oie) 2019
Capacity building of African veterinary officers

More information on PVS Pathway orientation training (2018 - 2019) in Africa

Ethiopia, first African country to benefit from internal OIE PVS training for its veterinary workforce

March 29, 2018
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National Veterinary Services of South Africa to roll-out PVS-based self-evaluation of provincial veterinary services following OIE training in Pretoria

May 16, 2019
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OIE embarks on orientation training of African national and regional veterinary officials on Performance of Veterinary Services (PVS) evaluations.

July 12, 2018
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Pictures taken during PVS (evaluation) missions

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National PVS Training (2019) South Africa

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National PVS Training (2018) Ethiopia

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Regional PVS Training (2018) Dakar

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Regional PVS Training (2018) Johannesburg

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